Palabras y verbos

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remind ---> reminder * important ---> importance * punctual ---> punctually * anxiety ---> anxious * able ---> ability * recommend ---> recommendations * rely ---> reliable * angry ---> anger * usual ---> unusual * appear ---> appearance * begin ---> beginning * pure ---> purely * risk ---> risky * comfort ---> uncomfortable, comfortably * increase --->                    * tourist -                    * --> employ ---> employees * entertain --->                     * aware --->                     * destroy ---> destruction * agree --->                     * limit --->                     * advise --->                     * head ---> headache * depend ---> dependent * health ---> healthy * help ---> helpfully * encourage --->                     * care --->                     * probable ---> probability * fortunate ---> unfortunately * tropic ---> tropical * delight ---> delightful * choose ---> choice *  impress ---> impressive * attract ---> attractions * annual ---> annualy * storm ---> stormy * suit, suitable ---> unsuitable * easy ---> easily * change ---> unchanged * relative ---> * relatively * sure ---> ensure * commerce ---> * commercial * usual ---> usually *  reserv ---> reservation * publish ---> publication * vary ---> variety * special ---> speciality * coast ---> coastal * evenly ---> unevenly * economy ---> economic * grow ---> growth * arrive ---> arrival * remark ---> remarkable *  industry ---> industrial * expand ---> expansion * bitter ---> bitterly * tough ---> toughest * ambition ---> ambitious * current ---> currently * energy ---> energetic * like ---> unlike * tend ---> tendence * basic ---> basically * high ---> heights,higuest * common ---> uncommon *  mistake ---> mistakely *  popular ---> unpopular, population * long ---> lenght * admire ---> admiration.

 

Expressing purpose

  • To do --- > to explain why sb or sth does sth --> We have revised our pay scales to reward those on lower salaries. (The reason why they revised the pay scales).
  • For+ing ---> to explain what something is for --> We need to provide quidelines for making ethical choices. (the purpose of of the quidelines).
  • For --> the action of someone else --> I have sent the report to Mandy for her approval.
  • In order to/so as to --> Used with stative verbs (be, have, know, believe, recognise, impress, belong to, include, appear and seem) ---> I called her in order to be certain that she is okay.
  • In order to/so as to ---> Used with negatives --> We need to complete this now so as not to miss the deadline.

 

  1. To/in order to/so as to + infinitive:
  • I bough a new shampoo to make my hair shinier.
  • In order to prevent delays, passengers should check in at least two hours before their flights.
  • She left home earley so as to get to college on time
So (that)/in order that + clause (subject + verb)
    • I wrote her name on my hand so (that) I wouldnt forget to phone her.
    • We invited some people of Charlotte's age in order that she could make some new friends.
  1.  Forming the negative
  • I always set my alarm in order not to/so that i dont oversleep.
  • She decided to walk home so as not to see/so that she wouldnt see Carlos on the bus.
  • TO cannot be used.
  • I left the house at 8 in order not to be late.

MAKE an attempt, cake, coffee, an effort, an excuse, a fortune, fun of sth, a mess, a mistake, money, the most of sth, a noise, notes, an offer, progress, sense, ones way back home, an appoinment, a difference, a dress, living, marks on the wall, a phonecall, a suggestion, a bad impression

DO badly, your homework, your hair, a profit, well, the bed, the dishes, french, harm, a job, a loss, maths, physics, sth for a living, your best, a lot of damage, excersice, harm, research, the shopping, some work.

 

Phrasal verbs with do and make

  • do away with sth/sb --------> abolish, get rid of sb/sth --------> Europe has done away with dutyfree shopping
  • do sb out of sth -------->  cheat sb --------> The sales assistant did me out of 5 euros
  • do withouth sth -------> manage to live without sth/sb --------> I cant afford so i will just have to do without
  • do sth up --------> fasten, tie sth --------> I cant do my laces up
  • do up sth --------> repair, redecorate sth --------> They did up the house and sold it
  • could do with sth --------> need, want sth --------> I could do with something to eat
  • do with sth --------> have a connection with sth -------->  The problem has nothing to do with me
  • make away with sth --------> steal sth --------> Thieves made away with her jewellery
  • make for somewhere --------> move towars somewhere --------> Two thieves made for the window
  • make of sth -------> understand, interpreth sth --------> What do you make for their propposal?
  • make off with sth --------> steal sth and leave quickly --------> They attacked him and made off with his watch
  • make out sth/make sth out --------> be only able to hear, see, understand sth --------> I cant make out her handwritting
  • make up of sth --------> combine togheter, form --------> Tourism makes up 70% of their income
  • make up sth --------> invent an excuse  --------> She made up a silly story about the post being late


Crime - Criminals

  • Mugger---- someone who attacks people in a public place and robs them
  • Murderer----- someone who murders another person
  • Robber---- someone who steals money or property
  • Shoplifter----- to take something from a shop without paying for it
  • Smuggler---------- someone who takes something illegally from one country to another:
  • Terrorist------ someone who uses violence such as bombing, shooting etc to obtain political demands
  • Thief--- someone who steals things from another person or place (theft, burglar, robber)
  • vandal--------- someone who deliberately damages things, especially public property

Crime - Justice System

  • community service
  • court
  • court case
  • death penalty
  • defense
  • fine---- money that you have to pay as a punishment:
  • jail
  • guilty
  • imprisonment
  • innocent
  • judge
  • jury
  • justice
  • lawyer
  • sentence
  • prison
  • probation--- a system that allows some criminals not to go to prison or to leave prison, if they behave well and see a probation officer regularly, for a particular period of time
  • punishment
  • capital punishment
  • trial

Crime - Verbs

  • arrest
  • break in------------ to enter a building by using force, in order to steal something:
  • break out----------- to escape from a prison..break out of a prison
  • break the law
  • charge------------ to state officially that someone may be guilty of a crime
  • commit a crime
  • escape
  • get away with-------- to escape from someone who is chasing you or trying to catch you
  • hold up----------- informal - an attempt to rob a place or person by threatening them with a weapon: a bank
  • investigate
  • rob-------- to steal money or property from a person, bank etc
  • steal

Crime - Other Related Words

  • Alibi-------- something that proves that someone was not where a crime happened and therefore could not have done it
  • Crimes that involve stealing things: robbery, burglary, theft, shoplifting, fraud, carjacking
  • crimes that involve attacking people : assault, mugging, murder, rape
  • someone who commits crimes: criminal, thief, crook, burglar, mugger, robber, pickpocket, rapist, offender

 

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