Todo english

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PRESENTE SIMPLE
Se usa cuando hablamos de acciones habituales o rutinas.
Por ejemplo: Yo como patatas. El viaja a Japón. Nosotros leemos un libro,...
Su estructura es la siguiente:

* AFIRMATIVA: SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE + COMPLEMENTOS.
OJO: CON EL SUJETO "SHE", "HE", "IT" EL VERBO ACABA EN "S".
EXAMPLE: I play football.
She eats pizza.
We drink orange juice.

* NEGATIVA: SUJETO + DON´T / DOESN´T + VERBO EN PRESENTE + COMPLEMENTOS
OJO: CON LOS SUJETOS "HE", "SHE"," IT" SE USA DOESN´T Y YA NO LE PONEMOS LA "S" AL VERBO.
EXAMPLE. I don´t play football.
She doesn´t eat pizza.
We don´t drink orange juice.


* INTERROGATIVA: DO/DOES + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE + COMPLEMENTOS ?
OJO: CON LOS SUJETOS "HE ", "SHE", "IT" SE USA DOES Y YA NO LE PONEMOS LA "S" AL VERBO.
EXAMPLE: Do you play football? Yes, I am / No, I am not
Does she eat pizza? Yes, she does / No, she doesn´t
Do you drink orange juice ? Yes, you do / No, you don´t.

Adverbios de frecuencia: Always, usually, often, sometimos, rarely, ever, never…
PRESENTE CONTINUO

Se usa cuando queremos expresar que estamos realizando una acciones en ese mismo momento en el que estamos hablando.
Por ejemplo: Yo estoy escribiendo un libro. Ella esta jugando al tennis. Ellos estan escuchando musica.
* AFIRMATIVA: SUJETO + AM/IS/ARE ( Dependiendo del sujeto) + VERBO EN PRESENTE ACABADO EN -ING + COMPLEMENTOS.
EXAMPLE: I am playing tennis.
She is drinking a glass of wine.
They are studying English.
* NEGATIVA: SUJETO + AM NOT / IS NOT (ISN´T) / ARE NOT ( AREN´T) + VERBO EN PRESENTE ACABADO EN - ING + COMPLEMENTOS
EXAMPLE: I am not playing tennis.
She isn´t drinking a glass of wine.
They aren´t studying English.
* INTERROGATIVA: AM /IS/ ARE + SUJETO + VERBO ACABADO EN -ING + COMPLEMENTOS ?
EXAMPLE: Are you playing tennis? Yes, I am / No, I am not.
Is she drinking a glass of wine? Yes, She is / No, She isn´t.
Are they studying English? Yes, They are / No, they aren´t.

Time expressions: now, right now, at the moment, this month/year, tonight, tomorrow, this afternoon, next Sunday/week/month


CONDITIONALS

1ªConditional

IF subject + verb present + Will o wont + infinitive. PROBABLE

2ª Conditional

IF subject + past simple, subject+ would/wouldnt + infinitive. IMPROBABLE o CONSEJO

3ª Conditional

IF subject + past perfect, subject + would have
(Had+ particle)

REPORTED SPEECH

Imagen



PAST SIMPLE (WHEN) AFIRMATIVA:
He painted the wall
We woke up very early
NEGATIVA:
He didnt paint the wall
We didnt wake up very early
INTERROGATIVA:
Did he paint the wall?
Did we wake up very early?

PARA HABLAR DE UNA ACCIÓN ACABADA EN UN TIEMPO ANTES DE AHORA EN UN MOMENTO DETERMINADO.
frecuencia: often, sometimes, always; last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago, the other day, ages ago, a long time ago etc.

Ejemplos:
Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
She always played the piano when she was a child.

PAST CONTINUOUS (WHILE)

AFIRMATIVA:
He was painting the wall
We were waking up very early
NEGATIVA:
He wasnt painting the wall
We werent waking up very early
INTERROGATIVA:
Was he painting the wall?
Were we waking up very early?

EXPRESA UNA ACCIÓN LARGA O INCOMPLETA EN EL PASADO
PARA DESCRIBIR UNA ACCIÓN LARGA INTERRUMPIDA POR OTRA CORTA
PARA DESCRIBIR EL CONTEXTO EN QUE SE DESARROLLA UNA ACCIÓN


PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

Sitúa la acción en un período de tiempo.

Afirmativasuject + have / has + 3I have gone to New York - He ido a New YorkNegativasuject + haven't / hasn't + 3I haven't gone to New York - No he ido a New YorkInterrogativoHave / Has + suject + 3 ?Have I gone to New York? - ¿He ido a New York ?
Expresiones usuales del presente perfecto:
since - for - just - ago - lately-yet - already - never - ever - recently


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